Macular degeneration is a progressive eye condition affecting as many as 15 million Americans and millions more around the world. The disease attacks the macula of the eye, where our sharpest central vision occurs. Although it rarely results in complete blindness, it robs the individual of all but the outermost, peripheral vision, leaving only dim images or black holes at the center of vision.
There are several types of macular degeneration, but the fastest growing form is age-related macular degeneration (AMD). AMD is the number one cause of vision loss and legal blindness in adults over 60 in the U.S. As our population ages, and the”baby boomers” advance into their 50’s and 60’s, we will see a virtual epidemic of AMD. Perhaps 14%-24% of the U.S. population aged 65-74 years and 35% of people aged 75 years or more have the disease.
Although it rarely causes total blindness, age-related macular degeneration robs those affected of their sharp central vision and can dim contrast sensitivity and color perception. It destroys the clear,”straight ahead” central vision necessary for reading, driving, identifying faces, watching television, doing fine detailed work, safely navigating stairs and performing other daily tasks we take for granted. Peripheral vision may not be affected, and it is possible to see”out of the corner of your eye”. The impact of developing AMD can be devastating to those who were independent and active prior to the onset of this cruel impairment. Their visual world gradually diminishes into a vague blur, making ordinary daily activities challenging.
There is no cure for AMD, but new treatments are available. The most effective treatment is Low Vision Rehabilitation. Training and special devices can promote independence and a return to favorite activities. Read about our Macular Degeneration Treatments in Houston.
Texas Eye Institute is proud to provide five convenient locations for your eye care needs. Visit one of our convenient locations in Angleton, Sugarland, Southwest Houston, Katy, or Southeast Houston to see why the Texas Eye Institute is the best choice to care for your vision. Need LASIK in Houston? What about a comprehensive eye exam in Sugarland? See our locations page to find our practice nearest you!